Animal: Praying MantisMantis face

Tenth Grade
Ohio Department of Education
Science Academic Content Standards




Life Sciences


7. Describe that spontaneous changes in DNA are mutations, which are a source of genetic variation. When mutations occur in sex cells, they may be passed on to future generations; mutations that occur in body cells may affect the functioning of that cell or the organism in which that cell is found.

Diversity and Interdependence of Life

13. Explain that the variation of organisms within a species increases the likelihood that at least some members of a species will survive under gradually changing environmental conditions.
15. Explain how living things interact with biotic and abiotic components of the environment (e.g., predation, competition, natural disasters and weather).
16. Relate how distribution and abundance of organisms and populations in ecosystems are limited by the ability of the ecosystem to recycle materials and the availability of matter, space and energy.

Evolutionary Theory

21. Explain that natural selection provides the following mechanism for evolution; undirected variation in inherited characteristics exist within every species. These characteristics may give individuals an advantage or disadvantage compared to others in surviving and reproducing. The advantaged offspring are more likely to survive and reproduce. Therefore, the proportion of individuals that have advantageous characteristics will increase. When an environment changes, the survival value of some inherited characteristics may change.
23. Describe how scientists continue to investigate and critically analyze aspects of evolutionary theory.

Historical Perspectives and Scientific Revolutions

27. Describe advances in life sciences that have important long-lasting effects on science and society (e.g., biological evolution, germ theory, biotechnology and discovering germs).
28. Analyze and investigate emerging scientific issues (e.g., genetically modified food, stem cell research, genetic research and cloning).

Scientific Ways of Knowing

Nature of Science

1. Discuss science as a dynamic body of knowledge that can lead to the development of entirely new disciplines.
2. Describe that scientists may disagree about explanations of phenomena, about interpretation of data or about the value of rival theories, but they do agree that questioning, response to criticism and open communication are integral to the process of science.
3. Recognize that science is a systematic method of continuing investigation, based on observation, hypothesis testing, measurement, experimentation, and theory building, which leads to more adequate explanations of natural phenomena.

Science and Society

7. Investigate how the knowledge, skills and interests learned in science classes apply to the careers students plan to pursue.



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